There are many ways to promote LED. Not necessarily better or worse ways, but different ways. This publication attempts to capitalise on this diversity, drawing on the experience VNG International and its partners gained in implementing ASPIRE in Somaliland, as well as the experience of other organisations and programmes in the same fi eld. This publication does not pretend to have all the answers. It is an aid to those districts that are striving to foster economic growth and opportunities for their communities, and offers different recipes and ingredients for putting the Territorial Approach to Local Development (TALD) into practice.